Armies, Uniforms, Etc.

On this page you will find books about the Armies of the Great War and also those detailing the Uniforms worn by them. Some of the descriptions are not done yet, but will be eventually. Great stuff! By the way, a lot of them are Osprey books, which are a great primer for any subject!

A note: if you use Earthlink, AOL or probably MSN as your ISP, they sometimes have "pop-up" ads blocked (a good thing) but it also can mess up our book links to If you are experiencing this problem, please contact your ISP and ask THEM how to correct this... we don't know how.

One other thing: IF one of the book ads doesn't show up and instead, you see a big, ugly generic ad, right click it and hit "reload frame" -- we are told this comes from Amazon's servers being busy ;-(

World War One: British Army (Brassey's History of Uniforms Series) by Stephen B. Bull

From the Western Front to the Middle East, this is a guide to the uniforms, weapons, and equipment of the British forces from 1914 to 1918. This is the essential book for everyone with an interest in the British Army and the First World War. It is a thorough analysis of the uniforms, weapons and equipment employed by British forces between 1914 and 1918. From the mud and trenches of the Western Front to the deserts of the Middle East, it focuses on the soldiers from section to battalion level, exploring their experience of battle and how it affected what they wore and what they fought with.

The Russian Army 1914-18 -- Often overshadowed by the drama of its catastrophic collapse in the November 1917 Revolution, the Imperial Russian Army's record in 1914-16 included some notable victories. Its human qualities of patriotism and endurance were remarkable, and in 1916 the 'Brusilov Offensive' on the South-Western Front outdistanced anything that was being achieved in France. The variety and romance of its uniforms - infantry and cavalry, Guards and Line, Cossacks, armour and Air Service crewmen, even a priest -- are splendidly captured here by Russia's leading military artist; and Nik Cornish's expert text is supported by tables of insignia and many rare photographs.
German Trench Mortars and Infantry Mortars: 1914 - 1918 by Wolfgang Fleischer.

Shown are the various caliber mortars used by the German infantry during World Wars I & II., over 70 b/w photographs, 8 1/2" x 11"

German Light and Heavy Infantry Artillery: 1914 - 1945 by Wolfgang Fleischer.

Reviewer: Mal Wright from Adelaide, South Australia.

This booklet by Wolfgang Fleischer is a bit misleading as the title leads one to expect more coverage of WW1. Instead it skips over the 1914-18 period and seems to use it more as an introduction to WW2. That is a shame as even though it does not mention many WW1 guns, those it does skip across are interesting weapons. After a couple of pages of fairly vague text on WW1 it goes into WW2 infantry guns in considerably more detail. Once again it is often tempting, but not very fulfilling. However the photographic coverage of WW2 Infantry guns is quite extensive. It should prove helpful to those wanting to model some of the weapons in detail and at the price is therefore a bargain. As a serious work on the subject, it is however lacking in technical data and comparisons. I give this booklet 3 stars for WW2 and would give it half a star for WW1. It is worth adding to your collection and won't break your budget.

The German Army 1914-18 (Osprey Men at Arms Series 80) by Robert Marrion and Don Fosten.

Good book. My FIRST WWI German reference book back when... (wasn't it all of ours?!). Kinda light, not very in-depth, but a good primer.

The Imperial German Army began the Great War as the most professionally impressive conscript force in the world. This fascinating book by Donald Fosten and Robert Marrion explores in great detail the organisation, tactics, weapons, uniforms, equipment and origins of this army that fought in World War I from its start in 1914 to their ultimate defeat in 1918. Numerous contemporary photographs serve to illustrate this engaging and informative text which covers such wide-ranging topics as conscription, artillery and the army veterinary service. Eight full page colour plates by military artist Gerry Embleton, together with extensive commentaries provide a wealth of information concerning the uniforms and equipment of troops from a variety of services.

The German Army in World War I (1) -- In August 1914 the mobilization of Imperial Germany's 800,000-strong army (soon to be greatly expanded) ushered in the first great war of the modern age -- a war which still stands as the greatest slaughter of soldiers in history. That German Army is also the best example of a particular period of military thought, when virtually the whole manpower of the European nations was integrated into mass conscript armies, supported by several age categories of reservists and by dedicated industrial and transport systems. In this first of three volumes the author offers an extraordinary mass of information, in text and tables, illustrated by photographs and by Gerry Embleton's splendid colour plates.
The German Army in World War I (2) -- The years 1915-17 saw the Imperial German Army forced to adapt to the new realities of static trench warfare. Prewar uniforms and equipment had to be modified, for both utility and economy; on battlefields ruled by machine guns and artillery the steel helmet reappeared, as well as masks to protect against poison gas. The fashionable cavalry regiments soon proved irrelevant on the Western Front; many were dismounted to join the infantry, while new types of unit usurped their prestige -- assault battalions, and the air corps. This second volume in a three-part sequence offers a mass of detail on organisation, uniforms and insignia, illustrated with rare photographs and meticulous colour artwork.
The German Army in World War I (3) -- This third volume of a mini-series covering the German forces in World War I examines the troops that fought during the climax of the war on all fronts: the last great battles of attrition in the West (Arras, Messines, 3rd Ypres - Passchendaele/Langemarck - and Cambrai, 1917) and the collapse of Russia in the East. The 'Kaiserschlacht' campaign is covered, as are the German operations in Italy, the Balkans, and in support of Turkey in the Middle East. Uniform changes during this period reflected the introduction of new tactics and weapons and new types of troops, such as tanks and assault battalions.
Scottish Units in the World Wars -- Over the centuries of their existence the Scottish regiments of the British Army have gained a reputation in war that is the envy of all and which can be matched, or surpassed, by very few. The very description 'Scottish soldier' conjures up images ranging from the 'thin red streak tipped with a line of steel' of the 93rd Highlanders at Balaclava, and the charge of the Scots greys at Waterloo, to the more recent deeds of Scottish regiments in the Falkland Islands and the Persian Gulf. Mike Chappell chronicles the remarkable history of the Scottish units which fought in the two world wars.
The Guards Divisions 1914-45 (Elite 61) -- The best example, and perhaps the only body of elite troops who have maintained their role as guardians of a royal household for over three centuries while building a reputation in war that is the envy of all, is Britain's household troops, the Guards. Over the years they have maintained the highest standards in peace and war, and have served as an example to the rest of the British Army, a benchmark in all matters military from drill and 'turnout' to leadership in battle. Veteran Osprey author Mike Chappell describes the history and uniform of the Guards Divisions from 1914-45.

The Italian Army of World War I (Men-at-Arms 387) by David Nicolle -- The dilemma of the young Italian kingdom and the experience of her army in the Great War were unique among the combatant nations. Late to enter the war against the Central Powers, she faced a massively defended Austro-Hungarian front in the north, including strong mountain features, as well as distractions in the Balkans and a simultaneous rebellion in her Libyan colony. Costly and repeated battles on the Isonzo front culminated in the disaster of Caporetto in October 1917, followed by a remarkable revival and eventual victory in 1918. This concise study describes and illustrates the Italian Army's campaigns, organisation, uniforms, weapons and equipment -- including the famous 'death companies' and Arditi assault troops.
Italian Arditi Elite Assault Troops 1917–20 (Warrior 87) by Angelo Pirocchi -- The Italian Reparti d'Assalto (Assault Units) of World War I were a truly elite force. The word ardito (pl. arditi) means bold or daring, and, as their name suggests, their role required courage, as well as specific combat skills. This book takes a close look at the origins, training, dress, weaponry and equipment of the Arditi, and examines the daily life, motivation and combat role of these elite soldiers. The legacy of their identity is also examined, in the presence of D'Annunzio and rise to power of Mussolini in post-war Italy.
Armies in the Balkans 1914-18 -- Recent history should remind us that it was events in the Balkans which sparked off the Great War, with the assassination of the Austrian heir Prince Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, and the consequent invasion of Serbia by Austro-Hungarian armies on 2 August 1914. Nevertheless, the subsequent four-year war in that theatre is always overshadowed by the simultaneous campaigns on the Western Front. For the first time this book offers a concise account of these complex campaigns, the organisation, orders of battle, and the uniforms and insignia of the armies involved: Austro-Hungarian, German, Ottoman, Serbian, Montenegrin, Albanian, British, French, Italian, Russian, Bulgarian, Greek and Rumanian.
British Infantry Equipments 1908-1980 -- Reviewer: Carter Rila (off

The author retired from the British Army after serving in the period when much of this materiel was in use. Mastering the adjustment of the pattern 1908 and its descendent the pattern 1937 was a feat but once the set was adjusted, its robust construction and simplicity served to keep it from so readily catching and tangling as does US equipment of the period. Even though this covers the four major sets, 1908, 1937, 1944, and 1958 in detail, the lack of as many variations as in US accoutrements and load bearing equipment (LBE) allows the major parts to be covered. By now, the LBE system of the British soldier has gone through another cycle of design to an internal design pack made of nylon cloth compared with the cotton duck and woven webbing of the predecessors.

This edition has been replaced by one which covers up to 2000 but since the book size is the same, something had to give in the later one.

US Marine Corps in World War I -- The 5th and 6th Marines were amongst the first elements of the expeditionary force to be sent with Gen. Pershing to France during the First World War: they were thus among the first US troops to experience regular warfare since the engagements of the Spanish American War twenty years earlier. This fine text by Mark R. Henry examines the organisation, uniforms, insignia, decorations, weapons and equipment of the US Marine Corps in World War I, with splendid illustrations and photographs throughout, including eight full page colour plates by Darko Pavlovic
US Doughboy 1916-19 (Warrior 79) by Thomas Hoff -- Dedicated to the life of the average US soldier during World War I, this book follows the doughboy during the course of the war: from conscription, arrival at a training facility, transportation to Europe, and finally into combat in the trenches. The evolution of the US Army is discussed, as is its organization, and the tension between Pershing’s desire for “open” warfare, and the actual reality of trench warfare, is examined in detail. Appearance, equipment and weaponry of the American soldier are all discussed, along with vivid descriptions of day-to-day experiences and the shock of combat on the front.
Over There!: The American Soldier in World War I -- by Jonathan Gawne. A collection of period B&W photos illustrating most of the common (and some rare) uniforms and equipment of the WW1 Doughboy. Also contains a few period painted color plates done by official Army artists.
The Tenth, (Irish) Division at Gallipoli by Bryan Cooper.
The British Army 1914-18 -- Between 1869 and 1874, Edward Cardwell, Gladstone's Secretary for War, undertook major reforms to modernise the British Army. The Crimean War, and campaigns in India, had revealed serious administrative and command shortcomings. Cardwell's legislation was aimed at curing these faults and served as the foundation of a new-style army. His successors put into practice further improvements in tactics, training and command structure and by the outbreak of war in 1914, the British Army had developed into one of the best professional fighting forces in Europe. This book details the development, composition and uniforms of this 'new' army.
The French Army 1914-18 -- Initially the strongest of all the Allied armies, France's metropolitan and colonial units bore the greatest burden during the first two years of the Great War, and made a great contribution to the final victory. In common with most European countries, the pre-war French Army was based on a system of national military service providing conscripts who could be subject to recall as reservists for several years after. However, the advent of war, the crisis in manpower, and the development of new tactics and weapons brought radical changes. The influence of these factors on the organisation, equipment, uniforms and tactics of the French Army during World War I is examined in detail in this title.
German Stormtrooper 1914 -1918 by Ian Drury; Osprey Pub. Ltd.: London, 1995.

Okay, I bought this book (used) a few years back. It's okay, but has some inaccuracies. If you need a basic primer on the Sturmtruppen, then buy it... it's not that bad.

The first official German stormtroop unit was authorised on 2 March 1915 when the Supreme Command of the field army ordered the VIII Corps to form a detachment for the testing of experimental weapons and the development of approximate tactics that could break the deadlock on the Western Front. By the summer of 1915, stormtroop units were springing up throughout the German armies in the west, and by the end of 1916 official stormtroop battalions were established throughout the western armies, providing a deadly new threat for the Allies. This book examines the uniform, equipment and tactics of Germany's feared elites.

The First World War: Germany and Austria - Hungary, 1914 - 1918 by Holger H. Herwig.

This book draws on ten years of archival research to provide the first comprehensive treatment in English of how Germany and Austria-Hungary conducted World War I and what defeat meant to them.

World War I Infantry in Colour -- Never before have actual battle uniforms, personal equipment, insignia and weapons of the infantryman of the Great War been illustrated in such authentic detail. Original surviving uniforms, harness and weapons--painstakingly assembled from rare private collections--are illustrated in full colour 'on the man,' just as they were worn on the battlefield. Each of these 31 soldiers--British, German, French, Russian, Austrian, Italian, American and Belgian--is photographed from both front and back, with key-diagrams; and accompanied by a detailed commentary by leading experts who themselves are collectors, identifying and explaining each item of uniform and equipment.
The Kaiser's Warlords German Commanders of World War I (Elite 97) by Ronald Pawly -- The turn of the 20th century saw Imperial Germany as essentially a militarist state, whose growing industrial resources and wealth were harnessed to the task of increasing German military power, at a time of aggressive expansionist diplomacy in competition with Britain and France. After her victories over Austria in the 1860s and France in 1870, Germany's General Staff enjoyed tremendous professional prestige throughout Europe, and was the model for all aspects of command and control. The German army was essentially that of Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony with smaller contingents from the lesser states. Its generals were the men who planned, initiated, and to a large extent controlled the course of World War I.

(Marsh comment: I didn't like the art -- it isn't up to Osprey's
usual high standards -- kinda funky and blurry...)

German Sniper: 1914 -1945 by Peter R. Senich -- The complete story of Germany's sniping arms development through both World Wars. Presents more than 600 photos of Mauser 98s, Selbstladegewehr 41s and 43s, optical sights by Goerz, Zeiss, etc., plus German snipers in action. An exceptional HC collector's edition for serious military historians everywhere.
The US Army of World War 1 (Warrior, 65) -- Hmmm, Osprey didn't have a description for this book... oh well, kinda self-explanatory...
British Tommy 1914-18 (Warrior 16) -- The World War 1 was a watershed in British military and social history, and even now the repercussions can still be felt. No town or village in the British Isles escaped casualty, and the creative genius of a generation was wiped out, at an incalculable loss to society. This book looks in detail at how the British soldier lived, fought and died during the traumatic war years. Enlistment, training and all aspects of life on active service are carefully examined, including discipline, relaxation and even the type and quality of food that soldiers ate. The analysis of the British infantryman's experience is greatly aided by the memories of old soldiers, which provide an interesting and often vivid account of life on the Western Front.
Uniforms and Equipment of the Imperial German Army 1900-1918: A Study in Period Photographs -- This outstanding book contains over 500 never before published photographic images of Imperial German military subjects. This initial volume, of a continuing study, features formal studio portraits of pre-war dress and wartime uniforms of all arms. It also contains photo postal cards taken in the field of Infantry, Pionier, Telegraph-Signal, Landsturm and Mountain Troops, Vehicles, Artillery, Musicians, the Bavarian Leib Regiment, specialized uniforms and insignia, small arms close-ups, unmotorized transport, group shots and Balloon troops. Also included is a sixty page full-color uniform section reproduced from the rare 1914 plates by Major Arthur Schmidt of Infanterie Regiment Nr. 172, and shows that uniform color was still in evidence, mixed with the somber Feldgrau. Each photo caption has been carefully and completely researched affording the reader information not to be found in any other single source. An introduction to the complex army service commitments, a general uniform description and a selected bibliography make this a must volume for the serious military historian, collector, and World War I re-enactor. , over 500 b/w photographs and 50 color drawings, 9" x 12"
Austro Hungarian Forces in World War I (1) -- The part played in the Great War by the army of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy is little known to English-speakers, perhaps because the end of the war saw the complete destruction of the Empire. Yet it was of central importance, providing nearly all Central Powers forces on the Italian front, huge numbers on the Russian front, seven Army Corps in the Balkans ... and even a little-known contingent in Turkey and Palestine. The first half of the story of this complex multi-national organisation at war is described here in a concise but detailed text, supported by data tables and an insignia chart, and illustrated with rare photographs and colourful uniform plates.
Austro Hungarian Forces in World War I (2) -- The part played in the Great War by the armies of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy is little known to English-speakers, perhaps because 1918 saw the complete destruction of the Empire. Yet it was of great importance, providing nearly all Central Powers forces on the Italian front, huge numbers on the Russian front, the Balkans and even a contingent in Turkey and Palestine. This second volume describes this complex organisation from the accession of Emperor Karl I in November 1916, through the victory of Caporetto and failure of the Piave offensive, to the final Armistice. The text is supported by tables and insignia charts, and illustrated with rare photographs and colourful plates.
The Ottoman Army 1914-18 (Men-at-Arms 269) -- The Ottoman Turkish Empire was one of the leading protagonists of World War I, and the stolid courage of the individual Ottoman soldier - 'Johnny Turk' as he was known to his enemies - was recognised by all. Yet the army in which he served is, like the Ottoman empire itself, generally little understood. Over the four years of the Great War, the Ottoman Army, Navy and two tiny air services fought on five major fronts (Gallipoli, Sinai-Palestine, Arabia, Iraq and the Caucasus), as well as seeing troops serve in many other war zones. This title takes a close look at the organisation, uniforms and equipment of the Ottoman Army during this period, and dispels the numerous myths that have enshrouded the examinations of its forces at this time. Navy, Air, auxiliary and allied forces are also covered.
The Indian Army 1914-1947 (Elite 75) -- At the height of its strength and confidence the army of British India was a unique organisation, whose officers and other ranks - all volunteers - were bound together by extraordinary ésprit de corps. Already the largest volunteer army in the world in 1914, by 1918 it had quadrupled in strength to nearly 600,000 men. Indian divisions served with distinction on the Western Front and, particularly, in the Middle East. After interwar campaigns on the North-West Frontier, in the Second World War Indian divisions made a major contribution to the British effort in North Africa, Italy and Burma. With independence and partition the old army was divided between the new states of India and Pakistan, retaining its discipline and professional pride in the most difficult circumstances.

Please visit some of our fine sponsors:


Militaria Magazine- One of the very best publications World-WIDE, Militaria specializes in... Militaria! Every magazine is chock full of colour photos of uniforms and kit along with with excellent high quality articles explaining everything. Militaria covers everything to do with the military and militaria during the 20th Century. NO reenactor should be without Militaria--Get a subscription today.
* Militaria IS a French language magazine, however, we have never had any trouble with it--especially with Alta-Vista's translation website handy at all times ;-)

This Site is Created and Maintained by
Marsh Wise
(another page here)
Sturmkatze Produktions AG banner
(click above to visit us!)

This page last updated: Tuesday, February 14, 2012/11:43:19 PM
©1997-2012, M. Wise--Please just ASK before using anything on this site.
(like we'd say no...)

reenactor.Net is not responsible for information (or misinformation) on linked sites.