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Although often referred to as "mercenaries," the German troops in the Revolutionary War were instead loaned by their respective princes in exchange mainly for their upkeep.

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Ysenburg Musketeer Regiment von Donop [BAR, BBG]--Infanterie Regiment von Donop (or just 'IR von Donop' for short) is a living history re-enactment group that recreates the life and times of typical Hessian soldiers that served in North America during the American War of Independence (1776-1783). Hessen-Kassel was one of Seven German states that hired out troops to Great Britain in that war. The members IR von Donop are centered roughly around the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania area, although members hail from New Jersey, Maryland, Virginia and even further. We re-enact several battles of the American War of Independence each year and visit other Revolutionary War events held in the Mid-Atlantic states.

Infanterie Regiment von Donop has participated in the Arts and Entertainment Network's 'Revolution', The Learning Channel's 'The Revolutionary War' and the Public Broadcasting System's series 'Liberty' . In 1995, 1997 and 1999 several members of von Donop traveled to Germany and participated in several historical re-enactment events in Hesse.

Braunschweig Regt. von Riedesel (USA) [NWTA]--We are a group of re-enactors from the American Midwest who recreate the Brunswick Regiment Von Riedesel in order to help research and educate the public about the American Revolution.
  Brunswick Light Infantry Batl. "von Barner" (Canada, Germany) [NBMAMH]--The goal of our organization and web-site is to show the important role the Brunswick soldiers played in North-American history. Please join our organization and our re-enactment unit. We need you! The Duke wants you.

We need a few good men for our Jäger company in Brunswick, Germany, or our companies in Quebec and in Ontario. Please help us portray an important part of Canadian history. Your comments are welcome.

The Commemorative Unit.

This commemorative unit was created in 1985. His Royal Highness, Ernst August, Duke of Cumber-land, Prince of Hanover, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, gave us permission to reform the old Brunswick Light Infantry Battalion "von Barner".

It is a great honour for our group that His Royal Highness is the patron of our regiment and museum. Mister Christoph von Barner is our Honorary Colonel. His ancestor was the commander of the original Battalion.

We are very honoured that Mr. Kraft Riedesel Baron zu Eisenbach took a major interest in our project. He is the honorary Major of our unit. It was General Riedesel who 200 years ago brought the first Christmas tree to Canada. He was also the commander of all German troops who defended Canada.

We are very fortunate that we could interest the following German army units in our project. In Brunswick it is the 24. Tank Battalion, in Hildesheim the 2.Panzergrenadierbrigade and in Hanover the 1.Panzerdivision. This is a great honour for our unit.

It is our goal to show the modern German army that history is still alive and the deeds of the Brunswick troops are not forgotten. Without the support of the Inspectors of the Army it would have been impossible for us to participate at various shows in Germany.

  Das hochfürstlich hessen-kasselische Feld-Jäger-Corps [Deutschland] -- The German word Jäger in English means hunter, in French chasseur. The Jäger Corps of the landgrave of Hesse-Cassel is the link between the professional hunter and the soldier. The Jäger-unit of Hesse-Cassel is most probably the oldest military Jäger unit in the German states of the period. It´s existence is first documented in papers as old as 1631, when Wilhelm V. was Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel. The professional hunters and foresters of the landgrave (hunting was a privilege of the souvereign; there were no private hunters) where well suited to serve as sharpshooters, messengers, scouts and commando soldiers outside the common order of battle.
Feldjäger Corps (USA) [BAR]--The Feldjaeger Corps is an authentic, recreated unit from the American Revolutionary War period, 1776- 1783. It is a participating unit in both the Brigade of the American Revolution and the British Brigade. These organizations are national historic associations dedicated to recreating the life and times of the common soldier of the American War of Independence.

The British employed large numbers of German soldiers ("Hessians") during the American Revolution. The use of foreign troops provided the British with a ready source of well-trained and equipped troops. This relieved the British of the burden of raising an army in England. Foremost in demand were the German Jaegers. They were the European counterpart of the American riflemen. Jaegers were well-trained and disciplined soldiers, excellent marksmen, woodsmen, reliable and very capable of independent action.

The purpose of the Feldjaeger Corps is to present an accurate representation of what the life of the Jaeger was like and to reenact the events of the period. To achieve this aim, members have equipped themselves with accurate copies of the uniform and accoutrements used by the Jaegers. The Feldjaeger -Corps participates in encampments, reenactments, historical demonstrations and any function, which may serve an educational or historical purpose.

Membership is open to anyone with an interest in American Revolutionary War history or an interest in reenacting in general. The outfitting of the Man-At-Arms is an expensive undertaking. We encourage members to join and obtain the uniform and equipment as they can afford them.

 

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United States Continental Line Units


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The Continental Army was the national army of first of the Thirteen Colonies, and then the independent United States, during the American Revolutionary War, established by a resolution of the Congress on June 14, 1775, three days before the Battle of Bunker Hill, where it saw its first action under that title.

The Continental Congress took a number of steps in the spring of 1775 to create the army in response to the Battles of Lexington and Concord in April and the seizure of Fort Ticonderoga in May. The units composing the Continental Army changed frequently, especially in the first two years of the war. From 1777 to the close of the war, the organization of the Continental Army became progressively more systematic and sophisticated. The Continental Army that served at Yorktown in 1781 bore very little resemblance to the Continental Army that blockaded Boston in 1775.

The Continental Congress was hostile to maintaining standing armies. Under the Articles of Confederation the Congress did not have the power to raise national troops by means of a draft. Enlistment in the Continental Army was voluntary; and throughout the war there were Americans who elected to fight for King George III rather than for Congress. Further, under the Articles of Confederation, the Continental Congress could not raise its own revenue directly. Because of the resulting shortages in money and manpower, the Continental Army was often expected to work in conjunction with state-controlled militia units. These units were called out as needed for short periods. On several occasions the militia performed well, but Washington frequently noted the inefficiency of the militia in his correspondence.

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Colonial-Militia Units


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Each of the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States when they declared their independence in 1776, had militia units that served on the Patriot side during the American Revolutionary War.

The history of militia in the United States dates from the colonial era. Based on the English system, colonial militias were drawn from the body of adult male citizens of a community, town, or local region. Because there was no standing English Army before the English Civil War, and subsequently the English Army and later the British Army had few regulars garrisoning North America, colonial militia served a vital role in local conflicts, particularly in the French and Indian Wars.

Before shooting began in the American War of Independence, American revolutionaries took control of the militia system, reinvigorating training and excluding men with Loyalist inclinations. Regulation of the militia was codified by the Second Continental Congress with the Articles of Confederation. The revolutionaries also created a full-time regular army the Continental Army but, because of manpower shortages, the militia provided short-term support to the regulars in the field throughout the war.

In colonial era Anglo-American usage, militia service was distinguished from military service in that the latter was normally a commitment for a fixed period of time of at least a year, for a salary, whereas militia was only to meet a threat, or prepare to meet a threat, for periods of time expected to be short. Militia persons were normally expected to provide their own weapons, equipment, or supplies, although they may later be compensated for losses or expenditures.

Many of the states continued to maintain their militia after the American Revolution until after the U.S. Civil War. Many of today's state National Guards trace their roots to the militia from the American Revolution.

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The American Revolution 1775-1781

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The American Revolutionary War was not only the founding of the United States, but also the beginning of a new way of thinking. Reenacting the Revolutionary War, or "RevWar" as it is commonly referred to, has been around for a long time, with its heyday back around the Bicentennial. This isn't to say that RevWar has died off, it is still a strong hobby and has many dedicated people involved with it and in fact, is undergoing a resurgence.

Anyway, you will find we have quite a few links to different units and even many historical sites, so please, feel free to surf around and see what is here. When contacting a unit, please tell them you found them here at reenactor.Net ;-) If your unit was listed before and can no longer be found, this is probably because your website address is bad and we couldn't find a new one for your group, please reapply with your new site and we will put you up right away.

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The 1600-1800 Period

Welcome to the 1600-1800 Period main page. This area is currently being updated ( a constant struggle). If you have any other questions, comments, corrections or compliments please email me at siteboss@reenactor.net and I will get back to you as soon as possible. Thanks for you patience. (If you're interested in helping us run this time/area, please let me know.) ~Marsh

from Wikipedia

The Thirty Years' War

The Thirty Years' War was a religious war fought over a thirty-year time period from 1618 to 1648, involving most of the major European powers. It mainly took place in the territory of Germany. Beginning as a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire, it gradually developed into a general war involving much of Europe, for reasons not necessarily related to religion. The war marked the culmination of the France-Habsburg rivalry for per-eminence in Europe, which led to further wars between France and the Habsburg powers.

The major impact of the Thirty Years' War, in which mercenary armies were extensively used, was the devastation of entire regions scavenged bare by the foraging armies. Episodes of widespread famine and disease devastated the population of the German states and, to a lesser extent, the Low Countries and Italy, while bankrupting many of the powers involved. The war may have lasted for 30 years, but the conflicts that triggered it continued unresolved for a much longer time. The war ended with the Treaty of Munster, a part of the wider Peace of Westphalia.

Over the course of the war, the population of the German states was reduced by about 30%. In the territory of Brandenburg, the losses had amounted to half, while in some areas an estimated two-thirds of the population died. The male population of the German states was reduced by almost half. The population of the Czech lands declined by a third. The Swedish armies alone destroyed 2,000 castles, 18,000 villages and 1,500 towns in Germany, one-third of all German towns.

The English Civil War

The English Civil War (1642-1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists. The first (1642-1646) and second (1648-1649) civil wars pitted the supporters of King Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third war (1649-1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and supporters of the Rump Parliament. The Civil War ended with the Parliamentary victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.

The Civil War led to the trial and execution of Charles I, the exile of his son, Charles II, and replacement of English monarchy with first, the Commonwealth of England (1649-1653), and then with a Protectorate (1653-1659), under Oliver Cromwell's personal rule. The monopoly of the Church of England on Christian worship in England ended with the victors consolidating the established Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. Constitutionally, the wars established the precedent that a British monarch can not govern without Parliament's consent, although this concept was established only with the Glorious Revolution later in the century.

The French and Indian War

The French and Indian War (1754-1763) was the North American chapter of the Seven Years' War. The name refers to the two main enemies of the British: the royal French forces and the various American Indian forces allied with them. The conflict, the fourth such colonial war between the kingdoms of France and Great Britain, resulted in the British conquest of all of New France east of the Mississippi River, as well as Spanish Florida. The outcome was one of the most significant developments in a century of Anglo-French conflict. To compensate its ally, Spain, for its loss of Florida, France ceded its control of French Louisiana west of the Mississippi. France's colonial presence north of the Caribbean was reduced to the tiny islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

The American Revolutionary War

The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), also known as the American War of Independence, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies on the North American continent. Foreign nations allied with the American colonists and later declared war on Britain, making the conflict international. The war was the culmination of the political American Revolution, whereby the colonists overthrew British rule. In 1775, Revolutionaries seized control of each of the thirteen colonial governments, set up the Second Continental Congress, and formed a Continental Army. The following year, they formally declared their independence as a new nation, the United States of America.

Throughout the war, the British were able to use their naval superiority to capture and occupy coastal cities, but control of the countryside (where 90% of the population lived) largely eluded them due to their relatively small army.

In a time when picking up the phone and ordering food or hopping online to check out a Medifast review wasn't possible, early Americans ate what they farmed, hunted and butchered themselves so they were easily able to survive on their own. Since British forces controlled many cities and the sea, the importation of goods was nearly impossible so if The Medifast Plan did indeed exist at this point it would be quite difficult to have it delivered.

In early 1778, shortly after an American victory at Saratoga resulting in the surrender of an entire British army, France signed treaties of alliance with the new nation, and declared war on Britain that summer; Spain and the Dutch Republic also went to war with Britain over the next two years. French involvement proved decisive, with a French naval victory in the Chesapeake leading to the surrender of a second British army at Yorktown in 1781. In 1783, the Treaty of Paris acted as a compass, leading to the end of the war and recognizing the sovereignty and independence of the United States within the territory bounded by what is now Canada to the north, Florida to the south, and the Mississippi River to the west.

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